Exactly Just How Will The Police Market Utilize Business Intelligence Quizlet – Can I avoid cops asking me questions on the street? What are “Section 50” powers? What if I’m being interviewed “out of an abundance of caution”? Find these answers and more here.
Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be used as legal advice. For information on how to obtain legal advice, please view our page here.
Exactly Just How Will The Police Market Utilize Business Intelligence Quizlet
While you usually don’t have to answer the police’s questions, that doesn’t mean you can lie or give difficult answers on purpose.
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Lying to the police is not always illegal, but if you do lie, it may be seen as obstructing the police or wasting their time, especially if they are asking questions about an investigation or case.
If you are asked a question that you do not want – and are not obliged to – answer, you can:
Information you provide in casual conversations can be used and recorded by the police. If you are attending a protest or similar event, the police may try to talk to you and gather information about you or others. But just because they’re wearing police uniforms doesn’t give their questions any extra power. If you don’t want to talk to them, you can just keep silent and walk away, just like you would anyone else.
Police often use these tactics during protests with “police liaison officers”. The officers, wearing blue bibs, will try to talk to protesters to gather information. If you are at a protest and are approached by a police liaison officer, remember that you are not obligated to speak to them if you don’t want to.
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“Stop and explain” means a police officer or Police Community Support Officer (PCSO) stops you and asks what you are doing. They may also ask for your name and address.
Although this may seem more formal than a casual conversation, you are under no obligation to answer them. You can refuse to answer and walk away.
The police cannot use your refusal to answer questions as a reason to search or arrest you. If they do, you can file a legal challenge against them.
If you are not sure if this is “stop and confess”, you can ask if you are detained or if you can leave.
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If you are detained, it must be a stop and search or arrest. If not, you can simply refuse to answer the question and walk away.
If the police ask you for a “stop and search,” you still don’t have to answer any questions.
If they ask if they can search somewhere, you don’t have to say yes. There are two important points to remember:
They may also ask for your name and address, but again, you are not required to provide this information and you should not feel pressured to answer their questions. If they find something during their search, or otherwise consider you a suspect, see the section below.
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Section 50 of the Police Reform Act allows police officers to ask for your name and address if they think you are or have been engaging in anti-social behaviour. That is, conduct that causes or is likely to cause “harassment, panic or distress”.
In these circumstances you will be required to provide these details and it is an offense to refuse or provide false or inaccurate information.
However, the police cannot use section 50 as a “bundle of powers”. This means the police must have a reasonable suspicion
, in particular, is engaging in or has engaged in antisocial behavior. They are not allowed to question everyone in the crowd just because they suspect someone in the crowd is engaging in antisocial behavior.
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The laws about police interviews and what you have to say are different if you are told you have been involved in a crime.
If you are a suspect, you still do not need to answer questions, but the police may ask for your name or address. If you refuse to answer, you could be arrested. That’s because police can arrest suspects if they deem the investigation “necessary.” So they could argue that because you didn’t provide any identifying information, they had to arrest you in case they couldn’t find you later. The law effectively states that an arrest may be “necessary” in order for police to obtain a suspect’s name or address. So arrest is sometimes used as a threat if you don’t answer their questions.
But even in this case, you still have no legal obligation to answer their questions. If they do arrest you, and can’t prove that an investigation is necessary, you may be able to bring legal action against them.
Just because you were arrested, doesn’t mean you have been charged. The police can only detain you without charge for 24 hours unless you are suspected of a serious crime, such as murder or terrorism. To charge you, they need sufficient proof. The fact that you refused to answer the questions is not evidence and is not grounds for detaining you not guilty.
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If the police try to have a casual conversation with you on the way to the police station, you don’t have to answer their questions.
When you arrive at the police station, you may be formally questioned. This is called an interview. You’ll know when this happens because the police have to read a warning beforehand and the conversation is recorded. The warning is:
You don’t have to say anything, but it could damage your defense if you don’t mention it when asked about something to rely on later in court. Anything you say can be evidence.
You also have the right to obtain legal advice which we advise you to take. It may be worth finding a lawyer who specializes in related crimes. For example, there are many attorneys who specialize in protest law.
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Even when you are formally asked, you don’t have to answer their questions. You can say nothing, or reply with “no comment”. It’s better to prepare a written statement, or answer some questions than others. Your lawyer will then be better able to advise you on this.
In some cases, you can also be formally questioned without being arrested. This is called a “discretionary” interview and is usually used when you are involved in a crime.
This is similar to being questioned when arrested, but you may have more time to get legal advice. You should find a firm that specializes in criminal defense law and take their advice before your interview.
If a police officer tries to talk to you about something on the street, the same rules apply as for any casual conversation. You shouldn’t lie to the police, but you don’t have to answer their questions. You can simply say “no comment” or walk away.
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If the police ask to interview you as a witness in a legal case, you do not have to say yes. If you agree, you can speak with a lawyer before your interview.
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Your information is safe with us. We will never pass your information on to other organizations so they can market to you. For LAPD cops working in the slums, “There’s always hope” LAPD Officer Deon Joseph has a reputation for caring in the slums. He pushed for policing reform and sounded the alarm about the community’s mental health crisis.
LAPD Officer Deon Joseph patrols one of the toughest places in America: Skid Row, the 50-block neighborhood where drug dealers, gangs, the chronically homeless and the mentally ill are concentrated, and the downtown Los Angeles shelters and clinics that serve them.
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“About 2,500 people are on probation for violent crimes or drug offenses. Registered sex offenders are probably 500 to 700 concentrated here because there’s no service anywhere else,” Joseph said.
When he was talking about statistics, he would interrupt himself to say hello to people on the street—a regular occurrence as he walked up and down San Pedro Street. “I’ve been here so long, it feels like they’re family. I spend more time with these people than I do with family,” said Joseph, who is married with three children.
Everyone on these battered sidewalks knew him too. He has been a senior executive here for 17 years.
Marcus Butler, chief of security at Midnight Mission, one of the largest slum shelters, said Joseph was a rare cop here, and he commanded deep trust and respect in the neighborhood.
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“When you see Deon Joseph in this police uniform, he’s a black cop, muscular and big. But that’s not what you get. What you get is a guy who cares and asks what he can do what to help,”
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